Could You Develop Type II Diabetes?

Posted on: April 19th, 2013 by carepro

People who get too little or too much sleep (compared to 8 hours) are at higher risk of developing type II diabetes.

Diabetes is a health concern for millions of Americans. According to the American Diabetes Association, 26 million people in the United States are affected by diabetes. Sadly, 7 million of them don’t even know they have the disease.
On average, people live with diabetes for 10 years before they are diagnosed. By that time, many complications can arise, making treatment much more difficult. It’s very important to understand the risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes so you can be diagnosed as soon as possible, or prevent getting diabetes from developing.
There are four main risk factors for type 2 diabetes. You can’t totally control the first two- however, the last two are manageable by choices you make every day.
  • Family history: If you have diabetics in your family, your risk may be higher than those who don’t. Patients with no family history of type 1 or type 2 diabetes tend to develop the disease later in life, if they do at all. Don’t be afraid to ask your family members about their diabetes history. It’s important that you are well-informed so you can make the best decisions for your health.
  • Ethnicity: Asians, Hispanics and African Americans are at greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Certain genetic factors affect how the body uses insulin, and people in this demographic have a naturally higher risk than other populations. Because of this, Asians, Hispanics and African Americans may have to more closely monitor their other risk factors to protect their health.
  • Obesity: As a person’s weight increases, their risk of diabetes type 2 also increases. Carrying your weight in the midsection as opposed to your legs or backside puts you at a higher risk for insulin resistance, which can lead to type 2 diabetes. You may be able to reach a healthier weight by following the tips in the next section.
  • Lifestyle: Leading a sedentary (inactive) lifestyle puts you at a higher risk for type 2 diabetes. With physician approval, incorporating 30 minutes of exercise each day may help cut your risk significantly. Your diet also affects your risk, because it is linked to your weight. Eating foods that are high in sugar and fat can cause weight gain. Try incorporating high fiber foods and eating polyunsaturated instead of saturated fats to maintain a healthier weight. Another important lifestyle key is your sleep pattern. People who get too little or too much sleep (compared to 8 hours) were significantly at higher risk.
Type 2 diabetes can be scary to deal with. Knowing the risk factors can lead to an earlier diagnosis, or even help you avoid getting type 2 diabetes. You can take the Diabetes Risk Test on the American Diabetes Association website to learn more about your risk factors.
If you already have diabetes, contact your local CarePro Pharmacy for education, support and products to help you live a healthier life.
References:
The American Diabetes Association website. American Diabetes Association Alert Day.
Li H, Isomaa B, Taskinen MR, et al. Consequences of a family history of type 1 and type 2 diabetes on the phenotype of patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2000; 23:589.
Shai I, Jiang R, Manson JE, et al. Ethnicity, obesity, and risk of type 2 diabetes in women: a 20-year follow-up study. Diabetes Care 2006; 29:1585.
Biggs ML, Mukamal KJ, Luchsinger JA, et al. Association between adiposity in midlife and older age and risk of diabetes in older adults. JAMA 2010; 303:2504.
McCullough, DC; Robertson, RP. “Risk Factors for Type II Diabetes.” UpToDate. 25 Oct. 2012.

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